In 1792, Charles IV founded a college in Spain for educating noble Americans. This somewhat premature move aimed at curbing the growing discontent of the criollos. The royal decree did not exclude indigenous nobles. One of them, D. Bartolome Mesa Tupac Yupanqui, asked for a scholarship for his cousin, D. Santiago Phelipe Camilo Tupac Yupanqui. However this scholarship was not granted by the Viceroy. The further actions carried out by D. Bartolome as well as the facts which he concealed, his stubbornness in fighting out his cause as well as the false arguments used by the Viceroy, illustrate the atmosphere of reciprocal suspicion that characterised contemporary Peruvian society still under the effects of the indigenous rebellion of 1780. At the same time it makes manifest the dubious nature of the royal intentions.