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Proteome‐wide analysis of T‐cell response to BK polyomavirus in healthy virus carriers and kidney transplant recipients reveals a unique transcriptional and functional profile

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  • معلومة اضافية
    • Publication Information:
      Wiley, 2020.
    • Publication Date:
      2020
    • Collection:
      LCC:Immunologic diseases. Allergy
    • Abstract:
      Abstract Objectives Cellular immunity against BK polyomavirus (BKV)‐encoded antigens plays a crucial role in long‐term protection against virus‐associated pathogenesis in transplant recipients. However, in‐depth understanding on dynamics of these cellular immune responses is required to develop better immune monitoring and immunotherapeutic strategies. Methods Here, we have conducted a proteome‐wide analysis of BKV‐specific T‐cell responses in a cohort of 53 healthy individuals and 26 kidney transplant recipients to delineate the functional and transcriptional profile of these effector cells and compared these characteristics to T cells directed against cytomegalovirus, which is also known to cause significant morbidity in transplant recipients. Results Profiling of BKV‐specific CD4+ and CD8+ T cells revealed that kidney transplant recipients with high levels of circulating viraemia showed significantly reduced T‐cell reactivity against large T and/or small T antigens when compared to healthy donors. Interestingly, T cells specific for these antigens showed strong cross‐recognition to orthologous JC virus (JCV) peptides, including those exhibiting varying degrees of sequence identity. Ex vivo functional and phenotypic characterisation revealed that the majority of BKV‐specific T cells from renal transplant recipients expressed low levels of the key transcriptional regulators T‐bet and eomesodermin, which was coincident with undetectable expression of granzyme B and perforin. However, in vitro stimulation of T cells with BKV epitopes selectively enhanced the expression of T‐bet, granzyme B and cellular trafficking molecules (CCR4, CD49d and CD103) with minimal change in eomesodermin and perforin. Conclusions These observations provide an important platform for the future development of immune monitoring and adoptive T‐cell therapy strategies for BKV‐associated diseases in transplant recipients, which may also be exploited for similar therapeutic value in JCV‐associated clinical complications.
    • File Description:
      electronic resource
    • ISSN:
      2050-0068
    • Relation:
      https://doaj.org/toc/2050-0068
    • Accession Number:
      10.1002/cti2.1102
    • Rights:
      Journal Licence: CC BY-NC-ND
    • Accession Number:
      edsdoj.7f033c873ef941beb910df66903776d5
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      GEORGE R AMBALATHINGAL et al. Proteome‐wide analysis of T‐cell response to BK polyomavirus in healthy virus carriers and kidney transplant recipients reveals a unique transcriptional and functional profile. Clinical & Translational Immunology, [s. l.], v. 9, n. 1, 2020. DOI 10.1002/cti2.1102. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsdoj&AN=edsdoj.7f033c873ef941beb910df66903776d5&custid=s8280428. Acesso em: 13 ago. 2020.
    • AMA:
      George R Ambalathingal, Ross S Francis, Dillon Corvino, et al. Proteome‐wide analysis of T‐cell response to BK polyomavirus in healthy virus carriers and kidney transplant recipients reveals a unique transcriptional and functional profile. Clinical & Translational Immunology. 2020;9(1). doi:10.1002/cti2.1102
    • APA:
      George R Ambalathingal, Ross S Francis, Dillon Corvino, Sriganesh Srihari, Blake T Aftab, Corey Smith, & Rajiv Khanna. (2020). Proteome‐wide analysis of T‐cell response to BK polyomavirus in healthy virus carriers and kidney transplant recipients reveals a unique transcriptional and functional profile. Clinical & Translational Immunology, 9(1). https://doi.org/10.1002/cti2.1102
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      George R Ambalathingal, Ross S Francis, Dillon Corvino, Sriganesh Srihari, Blake T Aftab, Corey Smith, and Rajiv Khanna. 2020. “Proteome‐wide Analysis of T‐cell Response to BK Polyomavirus in Healthy Virus Carriers and Kidney Transplant Recipients Reveals a Unique Transcriptional and Functional Profile.” Clinical & Translational Immunology 9 (1). doi:10.1002/cti2.1102.
    • Harvard:
      George R Ambalathingal et al. (2020) ‘Proteome‐wide analysis of T‐cell response to BK polyomavirus in healthy virus carriers and kidney transplant recipients reveals a unique transcriptional and functional profile’, Clinical & Translational Immunology, 9(1). doi: 10.1002/cti2.1102.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      George R Ambalathingal, Ross S Francis, Dillon Corvino, Sriganesh Srihari, Blake T Aftab, Corey Smith & Rajiv Khanna 2020, ‘Proteome‐wide analysis of T‐cell response to BK polyomavirus in healthy virus carriers and kidney transplant recipients reveals a unique transcriptional and functional profile’, Clinical & Translational Immunology, vol. 9, no. 1, viewed 13 August 2020, .
    • MLA:
      George R Ambalathingal, et al. “Proteome‐wide Analysis of T‐cell Response to BK Polyomavirus in Healthy Virus Carriers and Kidney Transplant Recipients Reveals a Unique Transcriptional and Functional Profile.” Clinical & Translational Immunology, vol. 9, no. 1, Jan. 2020. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1002/cti2.1102.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      George R Ambalathingal, Ross S Francis, Dillon Corvino, Sriganesh Srihari, Blake T Aftab, Corey Smith, and Rajiv Khanna. “Proteome‐wide Analysis of T‐cell Response to BK Polyomavirus in Healthy Virus Carriers and Kidney Transplant Recipients Reveals a Unique Transcriptional and Functional Profile.” Clinical & Translational Immunology 9, no. 1 (January 1, 2020). doi:10.1002/cti2.1102.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      George R Ambalathingal, Ross S Francis, Dillon Corvino, Sriganesh Srihari, Blake T Aftab, Corey Smith, et al. Proteome‐wide analysis of T‐cell response to BK polyomavirus in healthy virus carriers and kidney transplant recipients reveals a unique transcriptional and functional profile. Clinical & Translational Immunology [Internet]. 2020 Jan 1 [cited 2020 Aug 13];9(1). Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsdoj&AN=edsdoj.7f033c873ef941beb910df66903776d5&custid=s8280428