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Onset of Effect, Changes in Airflow Obstruction and Lung Volume, and Health-Related Quality of Life Improvements with Benralizumab for Patients with Severe Eosinophilic Asthma: Phase IIIb Randomized, Controlled Trial (SOLANA)

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  • معلومة اضافية
    • Publication Information:
      Dove Medical Press, 2020.
    • Publication Date:
      2020
    • Collection:
      LCC:Immunologic diseases. Allergy
    • Abstract:
      Reynold A Panettieri Jr,1 Tobias Welte,2 Kartik V Shenoy,3 Stephanie Korn,4 Margret Jandl,5 Edward M Kerwin,6 Rosa Feijoo,7 Peter Barker,8 Richard F Olsson,9 Ubaldo J Martin8 On behalf of the SOLANA Study Investigators1Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Division, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA; 2Department of Respiratory Medicine, Member of the German Center of Lung Research, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Hannover, Germany; 3Department of Thoracic Medicine and Surgery, Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA; 4Pulmonary Department, Universitätsmedizin Mainz, Langenbeckstr, Mainz, Germany; 5Hamburger Institut Für Therapieforschung, Hamburg, Germany; 6Clinical Trials Division, Clinical Research Institute of Southern Oregon (Crisor), Medford, OR, USA; 7Departamento De Medicina Interna Oriente, Universidad De Chile, Santiago, Chile; 8Research and Development, AstraZeneca, Gaithersburg, MD, USA; 9R&D, Innovative Medicines and Early Development, Early Clinical Development, AstraZeneca, Gothenburg, SwedenCorrespondence: Reynold A PanettieriUniversity of Pennsylvania, 125 South 31st Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USATel +1 215 573-9860Fax +1 215 746-1224Email rp865@rbhs.rutgers.eduObjective: In the SOLANA trial, we sought to physiologically characterize benralizumab’s onset of effect and maintenance of that effect for patients with severe eosinophilic asthma.Methods: SOLANA (NCT02869438) was a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled, Phase IIIb study conducted at 49 centers in six countries (Chile, Germany, Hungary, the Philippines, South Korea, and the United States). Eligible patients with baseline blood eosinophil counts ≥ 300 cells/μL were randomized to subcutaneous benralizumab (30 mg) or placebo administered at Days 0, 28, and 56. The primary endpoint was the average change from baseline in prebronchodilator forced expiratory volume in 1 s (pre-BD FEV1) during the Day 28‒Day 84 period for benralizumab vs placebo. Secondary endpoints included patient-reported outcomes (PROs). A subset of patients participated in a whole-body plethysmography substudy. Safety was also assessed.Results: In total, 233 patients were randomized to benralizumab (n=118) or placebo (n=115). Improvement from baseline in pre-BD FEV1 with benralizumab 30 mg was not statistically significant compared with placebo (least-squares mean change difference [95% confidence interval] 57 mL [− 22 to 135]; p=0.16). Compared with placebo, benralizumab demonstrated early (Day 7) nonstatistically significant improvements in whole-body plethysmography assessments of hyperinflation and clinically meaningful improvements in PRO measures (Asthma Control Questionnaire 6 at Day 14 and St. George’s Respiratory Questionnaire at Day 28), which were maintained over the treatment period. Benralizumab’s safety profile was commensurate with previously reported studies.Conclusion: The observed early changes in lung volume despite relatively small improvements in airflow obstruction suggest that the anti-inflammatory effect of benralizumab may be manifested as deflation over time for patients with hyperinflation, who potentially have a greater degree of airway remodeling. This early effect could partially explain the rapid PRO improvements observed for certain patients.Keywords: anti–IL-5Rα, benralizumab, interleukin-5, randomized controlled trial, eosinophilic, severe asthma
    • File Description:
      electronic resource
    • ISSN:
      1178-6965
    • Relation:
      https://www.dovepress.com/onset-of-effect-changes-in-airflow-obstruction-and-lung-volume-and-hea-peer-reviewed-article-JAA; https://doaj.org/toc/1178-6965
    • Rights:
      Journal Licence: CC BY-NC
    • Accession Number:
      edsdoj.009918184074e8ea425a385158de204
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      PANETTIERI RA JR et al. Onset of Effect, Changes in Airflow Obstruction and Lung Volume, and Health-Related Quality of Life Improvements with Benralizumab for Patients with Severe Eosinophilic Asthma: Phase IIIb Randomized, Controlled Trial (SOLANA). Journal of Asthma and Allergy, [s. l.], v. ume 13, p. 115–126, 2020. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsdoj&AN=edsdoj.009918184074e8ea425a385158de204&custid=s8280428. Acesso em: 24 maio. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Panettieri RA Jr, Welte T, Shenoy KV, et al. Onset of Effect, Changes in Airflow Obstruction and Lung Volume, and Health-Related Quality of Life Improvements with Benralizumab for Patients with Severe Eosinophilic Asthma: Phase IIIb Randomized, Controlled Trial (SOLANA). Journal of Asthma and Allergy. 2020;ume 13:115-126. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsdoj&AN=edsdoj.009918184074e8ea425a385158de204&custid=s8280428. Accessed May 24, 2020.
    • APA:
      Panettieri RA Jr, Welte T, Shenoy KV, Korn S, Jandl M, Kerwin EM, Feijoo R, Barker P, Olsson RF, & Martin UJ. (2020). Onset of Effect, Changes in Airflow Obstruction and Lung Volume, and Health-Related Quality of Life Improvements with Benralizumab for Patients with Severe Eosinophilic Asthma: Phase IIIb Randomized, Controlled Trial (SOLANA). Journal of Asthma and Allergy, ume 13, 115–126.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Panettieri RA Jr, Welte T, Shenoy KV, Korn S, Jandl M, Kerwin EM, Feijoo R, Barker P, Olsson RF, and Martin UJ. 2020. “Onset of Effect, Changes in Airflow Obstruction and Lung Volume, and Health-Related Quality of Life Improvements with Benralizumab for Patients with Severe Eosinophilic Asthma: Phase IIIb Randomized, Controlled Trial (SOLANA).” Journal of Asthma and Allergy ume 13 (February): 115–26. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsdoj&AN=edsdoj.009918184074e8ea425a385158de204&custid=s8280428.
    • Harvard:
      Panettieri RA Jr et al. (2020) ‘Onset of Effect, Changes in Airflow Obstruction and Lung Volume, and Health-Related Quality of Life Improvements with Benralizumab for Patients with Severe Eosinophilic Asthma: Phase IIIb Randomized, Controlled Trial (SOLANA)’, Journal of Asthma and Allergy, ume 13, pp. 115–126. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsdoj&AN=edsdoj.009918184074e8ea425a385158de204&custid=s8280428 (Accessed: 24 May 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Panettieri RA Jr, Welte T, Shenoy KV, Korn S, Jandl M, Kerwin EM, Feijoo R, Barker P, Olsson RF & Martin UJ 2020, ‘Onset of Effect, Changes in Airflow Obstruction and Lung Volume, and Health-Related Quality of Life Improvements with Benralizumab for Patients with Severe Eosinophilic Asthma: Phase IIIb Randomized, Controlled Trial (SOLANA)’, Journal of Asthma and Allergy, vol. ume 13, pp. 115–126, viewed 24 May 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Panettieri RA Jr, et al. “Onset of Effect, Changes in Airflow Obstruction and Lung Volume, and Health-Related Quality of Life Improvements with Benralizumab for Patients with Severe Eosinophilic Asthma: Phase IIIb Randomized, Controlled Trial (SOLANA).” Journal of Asthma and Allergy, vol. ume 13, Feb. 2020, pp. 115–126. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsdoj&AN=edsdoj.009918184074e8ea425a385158de204&custid=s8280428.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Panettieri RA Jr, Welte T, Shenoy KV, Korn S, Jandl M, Kerwin EM, Feijoo R, Barker P, Olsson RF, and Martin UJ. “Onset of Effect, Changes in Airflow Obstruction and Lung Volume, and Health-Related Quality of Life Improvements with Benralizumab for Patients with Severe Eosinophilic Asthma: Phase IIIb Randomized, Controlled Trial (SOLANA).” Journal of Asthma and Allergy ume 13 (February 1, 2020): 115–26. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsdoj&AN=edsdoj.009918184074e8ea425a385158de204&custid=s8280428.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Panettieri RA Jr, Welte T, Shenoy KV, Korn S, Jandl M, Kerwin EM, et al. Onset of Effect, Changes in Airflow Obstruction and Lung Volume, and Health-Related Quality of Life Improvements with Benralizumab for Patients with Severe Eosinophilic Asthma: Phase IIIb Randomized, Controlled Trial (SOLANA). Journal of Asthma and Allergy [Internet]. 2020 Feb 1 [cited 2020 May 24];ume 13:115–26. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsdoj&AN=edsdoj.009918184074e8ea425a385158de204&custid=s8280428