Item request has been placed! ×
Item request cannot be made. ×
loading  Processing Request

Low body mass index negatively affects muscle mass and intramuscular fat of chronic stroke survivors.

Item request has been placed! ×
Item request cannot be made. ×
loading   Processing Request
  • معلومة اضافية
    • Source:
      Publisher: Public Library of Science Country of Publication: United States NLM ID: 101285081 Publication Model: eCollection Cited Medium: Internet ISSN: 1932-6203 (Electronic) Linking ISSN: 19326203 NLM ISO Abbreviation: PLoS ONE Subsets: MEDLINE
    • Publication Information:
      Original Publication: San Francisco, CA : Public Library of Science
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Objective: Relationship between secondary changes in skeletal muscle and body weight in chronic stroke survivors has not yet been carefully examined. The objective of this study was to clarify the relationships between muscle mass, intramuscular fat, and body weight in chronic stroke survivors.
      Methods: Seventy-two chronic stroke survivors participated in this study. Transverse ultrasound images were acquired using B-mode ultrasound imaging. Quadriceps muscle mass and intramuscular fat were assessed based on muscle thickness and echo intensity, respectively. We used a stepwise multiple regression analysis to identify the factors that were independently associated with the body mass index. We entered quadriceps thickness and echo intensity of the paretic and non-paretic sides into another stepwise multiple regression model to avoid multicollinearity. Age, sex, type of stroke, time since stroke, thigh length, number of medications, and an updated Charlson comorbidity index were included as the independent variables.
      Results: The quadriceps thickness and echo intensity of the paretic and non-paretic sides were significantly independently associated with the body mass index: quadriceps thickness of the paretic side, β = 0.52; quadriceps thickness of the non-paretic side, β = 0.55; quadriceps echo intensity of the paretic side, β = -0.35; quadriceps echo intensity of the non-paretic side, β = -0.27).
      Conclusions: Our results suggest that low body mass index is associated with loss of muscle mass and increased intramuscular fat on both the paretic and non-paretic sides of chronic stroke survivors. Further studies examining whether appropriate weight management, along with targeted rehabilitation programs aimed at increasing muscle mass and decreasing intramuscular fat, achieves good outcomes in chronic stroke survivors are warranted.
    • References:
      Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1993 May;74(5):531-6. (PMID: 8489365)
      Exp Gerontol. 2012 Jun;47(6):473-8. (PMID: 22525196)
      Age (Dordr). 2014;36(5):9708. (PMID: 25167965)
      Am J Epidemiol. 2011 Mar 15;173(6):676-82. (PMID: 21330339)
      Int J Cardiol. 2013 Dec 10;170(2):89-94. (PMID: 24231058)
      J Clin Ultrasound. 2001 May;29(4):230-6. (PMID: 11323778)
      Top Stroke Rehabil. 2017 Sep;24(6):463-471. (PMID: 28251861)
      Front Psychol. 2012 Apr 17;3:111. (PMID: 22529829)
      Neurology. 2011 Feb 8;76(6):567-73. (PMID: 21228300)
      Ultrasound Med Biol. 2009 Mar;35(3):443-6. (PMID: 19081667)
      Muscle Nerve. 2015 Dec;52(6):963-71. (PMID: 25787260)
      Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2002 Sep;16(3):232-40. (PMID: 12234086)
      J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2000 Jul-Aug;9(4):185-91. (PMID: 24192026)
      Ultrasound Med Biol. 2015 Nov;41(11):3013-7. (PMID: 26278633)
      Stroke. 2008 Mar;39(3):918-23. (PMID: 18239168)
      PLoS One. 2017 Mar 14;12(3):e0171334. (PMID: 28291782)
      Age (Dordr). 2014 Jun;36(3):9625. (PMID: 24515898)
      Stroke. 2011 Feb;42(2):416-20. (PMID: 21164115)
      Physiotherapy. 2018 Dec;104(4):438-445. (PMID: 29290379)
      Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2014 Jun;95(6):1055-9. (PMID: 24508185)
      Arch Intern Med. 2002 Sep 9;162(16):1867-72. (PMID: 12196085)
      J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2017 Apr 1;18(4):290-300. (PMID: 28202349)
      J Biomech. 2011 Nov 10;44(16):2741-6. (PMID: 21945568)
      Age Ageing. 2019 Jan 1;48(1):16-31. (PMID: 30312372)
      J Sports Sci Med. 2011 Mar 01;10(1):145-50. (PMID: 24149307)
      Geriatr Gerontol Int. 2017 Oct;17(10):1683-1688. (PMID: 27506895)
      Eur J Appl Physiol. 2004 Mar;91(2-3):264-72. (PMID: 14569399)
      J Neurol Sci. 2016 Nov 15;370:140-144. (PMID: 27772744)
      J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2017 Dec 12;73(1):95-101. (PMID: 28977347)
      N Engl J Med. 2007 Dec 6;357(23):2371-9. (PMID: 18057339)
      J Crit Care. 2015 Oct;30(5):1151.e9-14. (PMID: 26211979)
      Magn Reson Imaging. 2016 May;34(4):397-403. (PMID: 26743430)
      J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2014 Mar;23(3):e201-6. (PMID: 24231138)
      Eur Heart J. 2013 Jan;34(4):268-77. (PMID: 23076781)
      Eur J Appl Physiol. 2011 Jun;111(6):989-95. (PMID: 21082193)
      N Engl J Med. 2010 Dec 2;363(23):2211-9. (PMID: 21121834)
      Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2011 Nov-Dec;25(9):865-72. (PMID: 21734070)
      Ultrasound Med Biol. 2006 Sep;32(9):1315-21. (PMID: 16965971)
      Stroke. 2011 Jan;42(1):30-6. (PMID: 21127299)
      PLoS One. 2018 Aug 2;13(8):e0201789. (PMID: 30071100)
      Phys Ther. 2012 Mar;92(3):429-39. (PMID: 22135704)
      Neuroepidemiology. 2008;30(2):93-100. (PMID: 18309248)
      J Cachexia Sarcopenia Muscle. 2017 Oct;8(5):702-712. (PMID: 28703496)
      Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2016 Oct;41(10):1104-1107. (PMID: 27690567)
      J Ultrasound Med. 1993 Feb;12(2):73-7. (PMID: 8468739)
      Lancet. 2009 Mar 28;373(9669):1083-96. (PMID: 19299006)
      J Appl Physiol (1985). 2008 Nov;105(5):1498-503. (PMID: 18818386)
      JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2014 Sep;38(7):886-90. (PMID: 23980134)
    • Publication Date:
      Date Created: 20190119 Date Completed: 20191021 Latest Revision: 20200309
    • Publication Date:
      20200716
    • Accession Number:
      PMC6338377
    • Accession Number:
      10.1371/journal.pone.0211145
    • Accession Number:
      30657790
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      AKAZAWA, N. et al. Low body mass index negatively affects muscle mass and intramuscular fat of chronic stroke survivors. PloS one, [s. l.], v. 14, n. 1, p. e0211145, 2019. DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0211145. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=cmedm&AN=30657790&custid=s8280428. Acesso em: 15 ago. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Akazawa N, Harada K, Okawa N, Tamura K, Moriyama H. Low body mass index negatively affects muscle mass and intramuscular fat of chronic stroke survivors. PloS one. 2019;14(1):e0211145. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0211145
    • APA:
      Akazawa, N., Harada, K., Okawa, N., Tamura, K., & Moriyama, H. (2019). Low body mass index negatively affects muscle mass and intramuscular fat of chronic stroke survivors. PloS One, 14(1), e0211145. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0211145
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Akazawa, Naoki, Kazuhiro Harada, Naomi Okawa, Kimiyuki Tamura, and Hideki Moriyama. 2019. “Low Body Mass Index Negatively Affects Muscle Mass and Intramuscular Fat of Chronic Stroke Survivors.” PloS One 14 (1): e0211145. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0211145.
    • Harvard:
      Akazawa, N. et al. (2019) ‘Low body mass index negatively affects muscle mass and intramuscular fat of chronic stroke survivors’, PloS one, 14(1), p. e0211145. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0211145.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Akazawa, N, Harada, K, Okawa, N, Tamura, K & Moriyama, H 2019, ‘Low body mass index negatively affects muscle mass and intramuscular fat of chronic stroke survivors’, PloS one, vol. 14, no. 1, p. e0211145, viewed 15 August 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Akazawa, Naoki, et al. “Low Body Mass Index Negatively Affects Muscle Mass and Intramuscular Fat of Chronic Stroke Survivors.” PloS One, vol. 14, no. 1, Jan. 2019, p. e0211145. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0211145.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Akazawa, Naoki, Kazuhiro Harada, Naomi Okawa, Kimiyuki Tamura, and Hideki Moriyama. “Low Body Mass Index Negatively Affects Muscle Mass and Intramuscular Fat of Chronic Stroke Survivors.” PloS One 14, no. 1 (January 18, 2019): e0211145. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0211145.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Akazawa N, Harada K, Okawa N, Tamura K, Moriyama H. Low body mass index negatively affects muscle mass and intramuscular fat of chronic stroke survivors. PloS one [Internet]. 2019 Jan 18 [cited 2020 Aug 15];14(1):e0211145. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=cmedm&AN=30657790&custid=s8280428