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Overweight and Obesity among Low-Income Muslim Uyghur Women in Far Western China: Correlations of Body Mass Index with Blood Lipids and Implications in Preventive Public Health.

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  • معلومة اضافية
    • Subject Terms:
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      Biochemistry
      Biology
      Blood chemistry
      Cardiovascular
      Chemistry
      Epidemiology
      Global health
      Lipids
      Lipoproteins
      Medicinal chemistry
      Medicine
      Metabolic disorders
      Nutrition
      Obesity
      Preventive medicine
      Primary care
      Proteins
      Public health
      Research Article
      Women's health
    • NAICS/Industry Codes:
      525120 Health and Welfare Funds
    • Abstract:
      Background: The pandemic of obesity is a global public health concern. Most studies on obesity are skewed toward high-income and urban settings and few covers low-income populations. This study focused on the prevalence of overweight and obesity and their correlations with blood lipids/metabolites/enzymes (bio-indicators) in a rural community typical of low-income in remote western China. Methods: This study was performed in a Muslim ethnic Uyghur rural community in Kashi Prefecture of Xinjiang, about 4,407 km (2,739 miles) away from Beijing. Body mass index (BMI) and major blood bio-indicators (25 total items) were measured and demographic information was collected from 1,733 eligible healthy women aged 21 to 71 yrs, of whom 1,452 had complete data for analysis. More than 92% of the women lived on US$1.00/day or less. According to the Chinese criteria, overweight and obesity were defined as BMI at 24 to <28 kg/m2 and at ≥28 kg/m2, respectively. Results: The average BMI among these low-income women was 24.0±4.0 (95% CI, 17.5–33.7) kg/m2. The prevalence of obesity and overweight was high at 15.1% and 28.9%, respectively. Among 25 bio-indicators, BMI correlated positively with the levels of 11 bio-indicators including triglycerides (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), total cholesterol (TCHOL), glucose (GLU), and uric acid (UA); but negatively with the levels of 5 bio-indicators including high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and apolipoprotein A/B (APO A/B). Conclusions: This is the first investigation reporting overweight and obesity being common in low-income Muslim Uyghur women, whose BMI correlates with several important blood bio-indicators which are risk factors for diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. These findings may help make preventive public health policies in Uyghur communities. To prevent diabetes and cardiovascular diseases in low-income settings, we therefore propose a cost-effective, two-step strategy first to screen for obesity and then to screen persons with obesity for diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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    • Author Affiliations:
      11 Department of Pathology, Shihezi University School of Medicine, Shihezi, Xinjiang, China
      22 The Key Laboratories for Xinjiang Endemic and Ethnic Diseases, Shihezi University, Shihezi, Xinjiang, China
      36 Department of Oncology, the First People's Hospital of Suqian, Suqian, Jiangsu, China
      47 Department of Laboratory Medicine, JiangXi Mental Health Center, Nanchang, Jiangxi, China
      54 Faculty of Preventive Medicine, Shihezi University School of Medicine, Shihezi, Xinjiang, China
      68 Department of Immunization, Xi'an Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Xi'an, Shanxi, China
      73 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the First Affiliated University Hospital, Shihezi University School of Medicine, Shihezi, Xinjiang, China
      85 Institute of Humanities, Shihezi University School of Medicine, Shihezi, Xinjiang, China
      99 Kashi Prefecture First People's Hospital, Kashi Prefecture Health Bureau, Kashi, Xinjiang, China
      1010 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Institute of Surgery Research, Daping Hospital, the Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China
    • ISSN:
      1932-6203
    • Accession Number:
      10.1371/journal.pone.0090262
    • Accession Number:
      94731604
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      CONG, L. et al. Overweight and Obesity among Low-Income Muslim Uyghur Women in Far Western China: Correlations of Body Mass Index with Blood Lipids and Implications in Preventive Public Health. PLoS ONE, [s. l.], v. 9, n. 2, p. 1–7, 2014. DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0090262. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=94731604&custid=s8280428. Acesso em: 10 ago. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Cong L, Zhan JQ, Yang L, et al. Overweight and Obesity among Low-Income Muslim Uyghur Women in Far Western China: Correlations of Body Mass Index with Blood Lipids and Implications in Preventive Public Health. PLoS ONE. 2014;9(2):1-7. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0090262
    • APA:
      Cong, L., Zhan, J. Q., Yang, L., Zhang, W., Li, S. G., Chen, C., Zhang, H. Y., Ma, Z. P., Hao, X. L., Simayi, D., Tao, L., Zhao, J., Amanguli, A., Mohemaiti, M., Jing, M. X., Wang, W., Saimaiti, A., Zou, X. G., Gu, Y., & Li, L. (2014). Overweight and Obesity among Low-Income Muslim Uyghur Women in Far Western China: Correlations of Body Mass Index with Blood Lipids and Implications in Preventive Public Health. PLoS ONE, 9(2), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090262
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Cong, Li, Jin Qiong Zhan, Lan Yang, Wei Zhang, Shu Gang Li, Cheng Chen, Hong Yan Zhang, et al. 2014. “Overweight and Obesity among Low-Income Muslim Uyghur Women in Far Western China: Correlations of Body Mass Index with Blood Lipids and Implications in Preventive Public Health.” PLoS ONE 9 (2): 1–7. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0090262.
    • Harvard:
      Cong, L. et al. (2014) ‘Overweight and Obesity among Low-Income Muslim Uyghur Women in Far Western China: Correlations of Body Mass Index with Blood Lipids and Implications in Preventive Public Health’, PLoS ONE, 9(2), pp. 1–7. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0090262.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Cong, L, Zhan, JQ, Yang, L, Zhang, W, Li, SG, Chen, C, Zhang, HY, Ma, ZP, Hao, XL, Simayi, D, Tao, L, Zhao, J, Amanguli, A, Mohemaiti, M, Jing, MX, Wang, W, Saimaiti, A, Zou, XG, Gu, Y & Li, L 2014, ‘Overweight and Obesity among Low-Income Muslim Uyghur Women in Far Western China: Correlations of Body Mass Index with Blood Lipids and Implications in Preventive Public Health’, PLoS ONE, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 1–7, viewed 10 August 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Cong, Li, et al. “Overweight and Obesity among Low-Income Muslim Uyghur Women in Far Western China: Correlations of Body Mass Index with Blood Lipids and Implications in Preventive Public Health.” PLoS ONE, vol. 9, no. 2, Feb. 2014, pp. 1–7. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0090262.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Cong, Li, Jin Qiong Zhan, Lan Yang, Wei Zhang, Shu Gang Li, Cheng Chen, Hong Yan Zhang, et al. “Overweight and Obesity among Low-Income Muslim Uyghur Women in Far Western China: Correlations of Body Mass Index with Blood Lipids and Implications in Preventive Public Health.” PLoS ONE 9, no. 2 (February 2014): 1–7. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0090262.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Cong L, Zhan JQ, Yang L, Zhang W, Li SG, Chen C, et al. Overweight and Obesity among Low-Income Muslim Uyghur Women in Far Western China: Correlations of Body Mass Index with Blood Lipids and Implications in Preventive Public Health. PLoS ONE [Internet]. 2014 Feb [cited 2020 Aug 10];9(2):1–7. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=94731604&custid=s8280428