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Effects of Strength vs. Ballistic-Power Training on Throwing Performance.

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  • معلومة اضافية
    • Subject Terms:
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      ballistic training
      muscle fibres
      muscle mass
      Shot put
      ultrasound
    • NAICS/Industry Codes:
      541712 Research and Development in the Physical, Engineering, and Life Sciences (except Biotechnology)
    • Abstract:
      The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of 6 weeks strength vs. ballistic-power (Power) training on shot put throwing performance in novice throwers. Seventeen novice male shot-put throwers were divided into Strength (N = 9) and Power (n = 8) groups. The following measurements were performed before and after the training period: shot put throws, jumping performance (CMJ), Wingate anaerobic performance, 1RM strength, ballistic throws and evaluation of architectural and morphological characteristics of vastus lateralis. Throwing performance increased significantly but similarly after Strength and Power training (7.0-13.5% vs. 6.0-11.5%, respectively). Muscular strength in leg press increased more after Strength than after Power training (43% vs. 21%, respectively), while Power training induced an 8.5% increase in CMJ performance and 9.0 - 25.8% in ballistic throws. Peak power during the Wingate test increased similarly after Strength and Power training. Muscle thickness increased only after Strength training (10%, p < 0.05). Muscle fibre Cross Sectional Area (fCSA) increased in all fibre types after Strength training by 19-26% (p < 0.05), while only type IIx fibres hypertrophied significantly after Power training. Type IIx fibres (%) decreased after Strength but not after Power training. These results suggest that shot put throwing performance can be increased similarly after six weeks of either strength or ballistic power training in novice throwers, but with dissimilar muscular adaptations. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Journal of Sports Science & Medicine is the property of Hakan Gur, Journal of Sports Science & Medicine and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • Author Affiliations:
      1Athletics Laboratory, School of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Athens, Athens, Greece
      21st Department of Neurology, Eginition Hospital, University of Athens Medical School, Athens, Greece
    • ISSN:
      1303-2968
    • Accession Number:
      91530284
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      ZARAS, N. et al. Effects of Strength vs. Ballistic-Power Training on Throwing Performance. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, [s. l.], v. 12, n. 1, p. 130–137, 2013. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=91530284&custid=s8280428. Acesso em: 13 ago. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Zaras N, Spengos K, Methenitis S, et al. Effects of Strength vs. Ballistic-Power Training on Throwing Performance. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine. 2013;12(1):130-137. Accessed August 13, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=91530284&custid=s8280428
    • APA:
      Zaras, N., Spengos, K., Methenitis, S., Papadopoulos, C., Karampatsos, G., Georgiadis, G., Stasinaki, A., Manta, P., & Terzis, G. (2013). Effects of Strength vs. Ballistic-Power Training on Throwing Performance. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, 12(1), 130–137.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Zaras, Nikolaos, Konstantinos Spengos, Spyridon Methenitis, Constantinos Papadopoulos, Giorgos Karampatsos, Giorgos Georgiadis, Aggeliki Stasinaki, Panagiota Manta, and Gerasimos Terzis. 2013. “Effects of Strength vs. Ballistic-Power Training on Throwing Performance.” Journal of Sports Science & Medicine 12 (1): 130–37. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=91530284&custid=s8280428.
    • Harvard:
      Zaras, N. et al. (2013) ‘Effects of Strength vs. Ballistic-Power Training on Throwing Performance’, Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, 12(1), pp. 130–137. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=91530284&custid=s8280428 (Accessed: 13 August 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Zaras, N, Spengos, K, Methenitis, S, Papadopoulos, C, Karampatsos, G, Georgiadis, G, Stasinaki, A, Manta, P & Terzis, G 2013, ‘Effects of Strength vs. Ballistic-Power Training on Throwing Performance’, Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 130–137, viewed 13 August 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Zaras, Nikolaos, et al. “Effects of Strength vs. Ballistic-Power Training on Throwing Performance.” Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, vol. 12, no. 1, Mar. 2013, pp. 130–137. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=91530284&custid=s8280428.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Zaras, Nikolaos, Konstantinos Spengos, Spyridon Methenitis, Constantinos Papadopoulos, Giorgos Karampatsos, Giorgos Georgiadis, Aggeliki Stasinaki, Panagiota Manta, and Gerasimos Terzis. “Effects of Strength vs. Ballistic-Power Training on Throwing Performance.” Journal of Sports Science & Medicine 12, no. 1 (March 2013): 130–37. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=91530284&custid=s8280428.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Zaras N, Spengos K, Methenitis S, Papadopoulos C, Karampatsos G, Georgiadis G, et al. Effects of Strength vs. Ballistic-Power Training on Throwing Performance. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine [Internet]. 2013 Mar [cited 2020 Aug 13];12(1):130–7. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=91530284&custid=s8280428