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A trans-Holocene historical ecological record of shellfish harvesting on California’s Northern Channel Islands

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  • معلومة اضافية
    • Subject Terms:
    • NAICS/Industry Codes:
      112510 Aquaculture
      114114 Freshwater fishing
    • Abstract:
      Abstract: For over 10,000 years, shellfish were an important food and raw material resource for ancient peoples on California’s Northern Channel Islands. Early Channel Island peoples often focused on large, easy-to-gather intertidal species such as California mussels (Mytilus californianus) and black abalone (Haliotis cracherodii), with later peoples expanding their shellfish economy to include a wider range of species. By the time of European contact (AD 1542–1820) the Island Chumash lived in large, sedentary villages and collected a diverse range of shellfish species by the millions. Although predation by the Chumash and their ancestors affected the size of several key shellfish species, 19th and 20th century commercial harvests targeted specific, high-value species for global markets, bringing several shellfish species (e.g., white [Haliotis sorenseni], pink [Haliotis corrugata], and black abalone) to the brink of extinction. This analysis of shellfish remains from Northern Channel Island archaeological sites tracks the changing role of shellfish in human subsistence economies from Terminal Pleistocene to Historic times. An archaeological record featuring several millennia of relative resiliency under intensive Native American predation suggests that regulated, sustainable, and productive shellfish fisheries can be maintained if balanced and healthy near-shore ecosystems are rebuilt. [Copyright &y& Elsevier]
    • Abstract:
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    • Author Affiliations:
      1San Diego State University, Department of Anthropology, San Diego, CA 92182-6040, USA
      2Program in Human Ecology and Archaeobiology, Department of Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC 20013-7012, USA
      3Museum of Natural and Cultural History, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403-1218, USA
    • ISSN:
      1040-6182
    • Accession Number:
      10.1016/j.quaint.2011.09.011
    • Accession Number:
      76176532
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      BRAJE, T. J.; RICK, T. C.; ERLANDSON, J. M. A trans-Holocene historical ecological record of shellfish harvesting on California’s Northern Channel Islands. Quaternary International, [s. l.], v. 264, p. 109–120, 2012. DOI 10.1016/j.quaint.2011.09.011. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=76176532&custid=s8280428. Acesso em: 29 fev. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Braje TJ, Rick TC, Erlandson JM. A trans-Holocene historical ecological record of shellfish harvesting on California’s Northern Channel Islands. Quaternary International. 2012;264:109-120. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2011.09.011.
    • APA:
      Braje, T. J., Rick, T. C., & Erlandson, J. M. (2012). A trans-Holocene historical ecological record of shellfish harvesting on California’s Northern Channel Islands. Quaternary International, 264, 109–120. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2011.09.011
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Braje, Todd J., Torben C. Rick, and Jon M. Erlandson. 2012. “A Trans-Holocene Historical Ecological Record of Shellfish Harvesting on California’s Northern Channel Islands.” Quaternary International 264 (June): 109–20. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2011.09.011.
    • Harvard:
      Braje, T. J., Rick, T. C. and Erlandson, J. M. (2012) ‘A trans-Holocene historical ecological record of shellfish harvesting on California’s Northern Channel Islands’, Quaternary International, 264, pp. 109–120. doi: 10.1016/j.quaint.2011.09.011.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Braje, TJ, Rick, TC & Erlandson, JM 2012, ‘A trans-Holocene historical ecological record of shellfish harvesting on California’s Northern Channel Islands’, Quaternary International, vol. 264, pp. 109–120, viewed 29 February 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Braje, Todd J., et al. “A Trans-Holocene Historical Ecological Record of Shellfish Harvesting on California’s Northern Channel Islands.” Quaternary International, vol. 264, June 2012, pp. 109–120. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2011.09.011.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Braje, Todd J., Torben C. Rick, and Jon M. Erlandson. “A Trans-Holocene Historical Ecological Record of Shellfish Harvesting on California’s Northern Channel Islands.” Quaternary International 264 (June 20, 2012): 109–20. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2011.09.011.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Braje TJ, Rick TC, Erlandson JM. A trans-Holocene historical ecological record of shellfish harvesting on California’s Northern Channel Islands. Quaternary International [Internet]. 2012 Jun 20 [cited 2020 Feb 29];264:109–20. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=76176532&custid=s8280428