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Genetic Diversity and Antimicrobial Resistance of Escherichia coli from Human and Animal Sources Uncovers Multiple Resistances from Human Sources.

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  • معلومة اضافية
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Escherichia coli are widely used as indicators of fecal contamination, and in some cases to identify host sources of fecal contamination in surface water. Prevalence, genetic diversity and antimicrobial susceptibility were determined for 600 generic E. coli isolates obtained from surface water and sediment from creeks and channels along the middle Santa Ana River (MSAR) watershed of southern California, USA, after a 12 month study. Evaluation of E. coli populations along the creeks and channels showed that E. coli were more prevalent in sediment compared to surface water. E. coli populations were not significantly different (P = 0.05) between urban runoff sources and agricultural sources, however, E. coli genotypes determined by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) were less diverse in the agricultural sources than in urban runoff sources. PFGE also showed that E. coli populations in surface water were more diverse than in the sediment, suggesting isolates in sediment may be dominated by clonal populations.Twenty four percent (144 isolates) of the 600 isolates exhibited resistance to more than one antimicrobial agent. Most multiple resistances were associated with inputs from urban runoff and involved the antimicrobials rifampicin, tetracycline, and erythromycin. The occurrence of a greater number of E. coli with multiple antibiotic resistances from urban runoff sources than agricultural sources in this watershed provides useful evidence in planning strategies for water quality management and public health protection. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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    • Author Affiliations:
      1United States Salinity Laboratory, United States Department of Agriculture-Agriculture Research Service (USDA-ARS), Riverside, California, United States of America
      2Department of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, California State Polytechnic University, Pomona, California, United States of America
      3Department of Soil Sciences, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, United States of America
    • ISSN:
      1932-6203
    • Accession Number:
      10.1371/journal.pone.0020819
    • Accession Number:
      74274853
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      IBEKWE, A. M.; MURINDA, S. E.; GRAVES, A. K. Genetic Diversity and Antimicrobial Resistance of Escherichia coli from Human and Animal Sources Uncovers Multiple Resistances from Human Sources. PLoS ONE, [s. l.], v. 6, n. 6, p. 1–12, 2011. DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0020819. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=74274853&custid=s8280428. Acesso em: 5 ago. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Ibekwe AM, Murinda SE, Graves AK. Genetic Diversity and Antimicrobial Resistance of Escherichia coli from Human and Animal Sources Uncovers Multiple Resistances from Human Sources. PLoS ONE. 2011;6(6):1-12. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0020819.
    • AMA11:
      Ibekwe AM, Murinda SE, Graves AK. Genetic Diversity and Antimicrobial Resistance of Escherichia coli from Human and Animal Sources Uncovers Multiple Resistances from Human Sources. PLoS ONE. 2011;6(6):1-12. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0020819
    • APA:
      Ibekwe, A. M., Murinda, S. E., & Graves, A. K. (2011). Genetic Diversity and Antimicrobial Resistance of Escherichia coli from Human and Animal Sources Uncovers Multiple Resistances from Human Sources. PLoS ONE, 6(6), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0020819
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Ibekwe, A. Mark, Shelton E. Murinda, and Alexandria K. Graves. 2011. “Genetic Diversity and Antimicrobial Resistance of Escherichia Coli from Human and Animal Sources Uncovers Multiple Resistances from Human Sources.” PLoS ONE 6 (6): 1–12. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0020819.
    • Harvard:
      Ibekwe, A. M., Murinda, S. E. and Graves, A. K. (2011) ‘Genetic Diversity and Antimicrobial Resistance of Escherichia coli from Human and Animal Sources Uncovers Multiple Resistances from Human Sources’, PLoS ONE, 6(6), pp. 1–12. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0020819.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Ibekwe, AM, Murinda, SE & Graves, AK 2011, ‘Genetic Diversity and Antimicrobial Resistance of Escherichia coli from Human and Animal Sources Uncovers Multiple Resistances from Human Sources’, PLoS ONE, vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 1–12, viewed 5 August 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Ibekwe, A.Mark, et al. “Genetic Diversity and Antimicrobial Resistance of Escherichia Coli from Human and Animal Sources Uncovers Multiple Resistances from Human Sources.” PLoS ONE, vol. 6, no. 6, June 2011, pp. 1–12. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0020819.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Ibekwe, A. Mark, Shelton E. Murinda, and Alexandria K. Graves. “Genetic Diversity and Antimicrobial Resistance of Escherichia Coli from Human and Animal Sources Uncovers Multiple Resistances from Human Sources.” PLoS ONE 6, no. 6 (June 2011): 1–12. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0020819.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Ibekwe AM, Murinda SE, Graves AK. Genetic Diversity and Antimicrobial Resistance of Escherichia coli from Human and Animal Sources Uncovers Multiple Resistances from Human Sources. PLoS ONE [Internet]. 2011 Jun [cited 2020 Aug 5];6(6):1–12. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=74274853&custid=s8280428