The Commercial Relationship between Amsterdam and the Portuguese Salt-Exporting Ports: Aveiro and Setubal, 1580-1715.

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  • معلومة اضافية
    • Subject Terms:
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      AMSTERDAM
      AVEIRO
      EARLY MODERN NETWORKS
      SETUBAL
    • NAICS/Industry Codes:
      488310 Port and Harbor Operations
      237990 Other Heavy and Civil Engineering Construction
      522293 International Trade Financing
      311940 Seasoning and dressing manufacturing
      311942 Spice and Extract Manufacturing
      212393 Other Chemical and Fertilizer Mineral Mining
    • Abstract:
      Salt was a vital product in pre-industrial societies. Its value is associated with its preserving characteristics, which allowed foodstuffs and hides to be preserved for a relatively long time. This quality made it vital for the maintenance of pre-industrial activities like the fisheries. During the Middle Ages, most of the South Western European ports produced enough salt to respond to the needs of their urban and rural populations. With the growth of maritime activity and commercial expansion during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, salt became one of the most important bulk products in Europe, second only to grain. This article explores the surge of Aveiro and Setubal, two Portuguese ports specialized in the export of salt to the international markets and their contribution to the establishment, growth and development of an intricate set of commercial networks linking these ports to Amsterdam, Northern Europe and the Baltic. In the Portuguese context these ports were vital to the survival of the kingdom of Portugal, since most of the mid- and late seventeenth century diplomatic settlements were paid for by salt cargos and duties. For the Portuguese, salt was more than a bulk product. After 1640, it had become a hard currency. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Journal of Early Modern History is the property of Brill Academic Publishers and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • Author Affiliations:
      1University of Leiden
    • ISSN:
      1385-3783
    • Accession Number:
      10.1163/138537808X297144
    • Accession Number:
      31738549
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      ANTUNES, C. The Commercial Relationship between Amsterdam and the Portuguese Salt-Exporting Ports: Aveiro and Setubal, 1580-1715. Journal of Early Modern History, [s. l.], v. 12, n. 1, p. 25–53, 2008. DOI 10.1163/138537808X297144. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=31738549&custid=s8280428. Acesso em: 24 jan. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Antunes C. The Commercial Relationship between Amsterdam and the Portuguese Salt-Exporting Ports: Aveiro and Setubal, 1580-1715. Journal of Early Modern History. 2008;12(1):25-53. doi:10.1163/138537808X297144.
    • APA:
      Antunes, C. (2008). The Commercial Relationship between Amsterdam and the Portuguese Salt-Exporting Ports: Aveiro and Setubal, 1580-1715. Journal of Early Modern History, 12(1), 25–53. https://doi.org/10.1163/138537808X297144
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Antunes, Catia. 2008. “The Commercial Relationship between Amsterdam and the Portuguese Salt-Exporting Ports: Aveiro and Setubal, 1580-1715.” Journal of Early Modern History 12 (1): 25–53. doi:10.1163/138537808X297144.
    • Harvard:
      Antunes, C. (2008) ‘The Commercial Relationship between Amsterdam and the Portuguese Salt-Exporting Ports: Aveiro and Setubal, 1580-1715’, Journal of Early Modern History, 12(1), pp. 25–53. doi: 10.1163/138537808X297144.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Antunes, C 2008, ‘The Commercial Relationship between Amsterdam and the Portuguese Salt-Exporting Ports: Aveiro and Setubal, 1580-1715’, Journal of Early Modern History, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 25–53, viewed 24 January 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Antunes, Catia. “The Commercial Relationship between Amsterdam and the Portuguese Salt-Exporting Ports: Aveiro and Setubal, 1580-1715.” Journal of Early Modern History, vol. 12, no. 1, Feb. 2008, pp. 25–53. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1163/138537808X297144.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Antunes, Catia. “The Commercial Relationship between Amsterdam and the Portuguese Salt-Exporting Ports: Aveiro and Setubal, 1580-1715.” Journal of Early Modern History 12, no. 1 (February 2008): 25–53. doi:10.1163/138537808X297144.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Antunes C. The Commercial Relationship between Amsterdam and the Portuguese Salt-Exporting Ports: Aveiro and Setubal, 1580-1715. Journal of Early Modern History [Internet]. 2008 Feb [cited 2020 Jan 24];12(1):25–53. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=31738549&custid=s8280428