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Rye grass is associated with fewer non-contact anterior cruciate ligament injuries than bermuda grass.

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  • معلومة اضافية
    • NAICS/Industry Codes:
      713940 Fitness and Recreational Sports Centers
    • Abstract:
      Objective: To assess the contribution of ground variables including grass type to the rate of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in the Australian Football League (AFL), specifically which factors are primarily responsible for previously observed warm season and early season biases for ACL injuries. Methods: Grass types used at the major AFL venues from 1992 to 2004 were established by consultation with ground managers, and ground hardness and other weather variables were measured prospectively. Results: There were 115 ACL injuries occurring in matches during the survey time period, 88 with a non-contact mechanism. In multivariate analysis, use of bermuda (couch) grass as opposed to rye grass, higher grade of match, and earlier stage of the season were independent risk factors for non-contact ACL injury. Ground hardness readings did not show a significant association with ACL injury risk, whereas weather variables of high evaporation and low prior rainfall showed univariate association with injury risk but could not be entered into a logistic regression equation. Discussion: Rye grass appears to offer protection against ACI injury compared with bermuda (couch) grass fields. The likely mechanism is reduced "trapping" of football boots by less thatch. Grass species as a single consideration cannot fully explain the ACL early season bias, but is probably responsible for the warm season bias seen in the AFI. Weather variables previously identified as predictors are probably markers for predominance of bermuda over rye grass in mixed fields. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of British Journal of Sports Medicine is the property of BMJ Publishing Group and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • Author Affiliations:
      1University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
      2AFL Medical Officers Association, Melbourne.
    • ISSN:
      0306-3674
    • Accession Number:
      10.1136/bjsm.2004.017756
    • Accession Number:
      18576603
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      ORCHARD, J. W. et al. Rye grass is associated with fewer non-contact anterior cruciate ligament injuries than bermuda grass. British Journal of Sports Medicine, [s. l.], v. 39, n. 10, p. 704–709, 2005. DOI 10.1136/bjsm.2004.017756. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=18576603&custid=s8280428. Acesso em: 5 jul. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Orchard JW, Chivers I, Aldous D, Bennell K, Seward H. Rye grass is associated with fewer non-contact anterior cruciate ligament injuries than bermuda grass. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2005;39(10):704-709. doi:10.1136/bjsm.2004.017756.
    • AMA11:
      Orchard JW, Chivers I, Aldous D, Bennell K, Seward H. Rye grass is associated with fewer non-contact anterior cruciate ligament injuries than bermuda grass. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2005;39(10):704-709. doi:10.1136/bjsm.2004.017756
    • APA:
      Orchard, J. W., Chivers, I., Aldous, D., Bennell, K., & Seward, H. (2005). Rye grass is associated with fewer non-contact anterior cruciate ligament injuries than bermuda grass. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 39(10), 704–709. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2004.017756
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Orchard, J. W., I. Chivers, D. Aldous, K. Bennell, and H. Seward. 2005. “Rye Grass Is Associated with Fewer Non-Contact Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries than Bermuda Grass.” British Journal of Sports Medicine 39 (10): 704–9. doi:10.1136/bjsm.2004.017756.
    • Harvard:
      Orchard, J. W. et al. (2005) ‘Rye grass is associated with fewer non-contact anterior cruciate ligament injuries than bermuda grass’, British Journal of Sports Medicine, 39(10), pp. 704–709. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.2004.017756.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Orchard, JW, Chivers, I, Aldous, D, Bennell, K & Seward, H 2005, ‘Rye grass is associated with fewer non-contact anterior cruciate ligament injuries than bermuda grass’, British Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 39, no. 10, pp. 704–709, viewed 5 July 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Orchard, J. W., et al. “Rye Grass Is Associated with Fewer Non-Contact Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries than Bermuda Grass.” British Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 39, no. 10, Oct. 2005, pp. 704–709. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1136/bjsm.2004.017756.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Orchard, J. W., I. Chivers, D. Aldous, K. Bennell, and H. Seward. “Rye Grass Is Associated with Fewer Non-Contact Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries than Bermuda Grass.” British Journal of Sports Medicine 39, no. 10 (October 2005): 704–9. doi:10.1136/bjsm.2004.017756.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Orchard JW, Chivers I, Aldous D, Bennell K, Seward H. Rye grass is associated with fewer non-contact anterior cruciate ligament injuries than bermuda grass. British Journal of Sports Medicine [Internet]. 2005 Oct [cited 2020 Jul 5];39(10):704–9. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=18576603&custid=s8280428