The Hoard of the Rings. “Odd” annular bread-like objects as a case study for cereal-product diversity at the Late Bronze Age hillfort site of Stillfried (Lower Austria).

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  • معلومة اضافية
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      Archaeological dating
      Archaeology
      Barley
      Biology and life sciences
      Bread
      Carbohydrates
      Chemical characterization
      Chemical compounds
      Chemistry
      Diet
      Eukaryota
      Food
      Glumes
      Grasses
      Isotope analysis
      Medicine and health sciences
      Nutrition
      Organic chemistry
      Organic compounds
      Organisms
      Physical sciences
      Plant anatomy
      Plant science
      Plants
      Radioactive carbon dating
      Research and analysis methods
      Research Article
      Social sciences
      Spelt
      Starches
      Wheat
    • NAICS/Industry Codes:
      311230 Breakfast Cereal Manufacturing
    • Abstract:
      Cereals, in addition to being a major ingredient in daily meals, also play a role in the preparation of foodstuffs for ritual purposes. This paper deals with finds that may correspond to such ritual preparations retrieved from the hillfort site of Stillfried an der March. The site, spreading across an area of ca. 23 ha, held a very important position among settlements of Late Urnfield period (particularly during the 10th– 9th c. BCE), acting as a central place where large scale storage of grain as well as textile and metal production took place under the control of local elites. Three incomplete ring-shaped charred organic objects, found together with 14 rings and ring fragments made of clay were discovered in a secondary filled silo pit, excavated among a total of about 100 pits of this kind at the site. The overall good state of preservation of the organic ring fragments suggests that they were deposited intact on the bottom of the pit and covered well so that no re-deposition or damage occurred. This could be indicate their intentional placement in this position. Light and scanning electron microscopy revealed that the charred organic rings are cereal products containing hulled barley and a wheat species. Indications that the objects were shaped from a wet cereal mixture and had been subsequently dried without baking are discussed, as well as the possible significance of the find assemblage. The annular objects are put in context with the contemporary cereal spectrum as well as other cereal preparations from Stillfried, outlining their different chaînes opératoires for handling cereal food. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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    • Author Affiliations:
      1Austrian Archaeological Institute (ÖAI), Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Wien/Vienna, Austria
      2Integrative Prehistory and Archaeological Science (IPAS/IPNA), University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
      3Institute for Botany (210), University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany
      4Institute for Oriental and European Archaeology (OREA), Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW), Wien/Vienna, Austria
      5Institute of Art and Technology, University of Applied Arts Vienna, Wien/Vienna, Austria
      6Referat Naturwissenschaftliches Labor, Federal Monuments Authority Austria (BDA), Wien/Vienna, Austria
      7Laboratory for Archaeobotany, State Office for Cultural Heritage Baden-Württemberg, Gaienhofen-Hemmenhofen, Germany
      8Lira Laboratory, Department of Archaeology, School of History and Archaeology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
      9Center for Interdisciplinary Research and Innovation (CIRI-AUTH), Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
    • Full Text Word Count:
      15243
    • ISSN:
      1932-6203
    • Accession Number:
      10.1371/journal.pone.0216907
    • Accession Number:
      136815765
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      HEISS, A. G. et al. The Hoard of the Rings. “Odd” annular bread-like objects as a case study for cereal-product diversity at the Late Bronze Age hillfort site of Stillfried (Lower Austria). PLoS ONE, [s. l.], p. 1–41, 2019. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 15 set. 2019.
    • AMA:
      Heiss AG, Antolín F, Berihuete Azorín M, et al. The Hoard of the Rings. “Odd” annular bread-like objects as a case study for cereal-product diversity at the Late Bronze Age hillfort site of Stillfried (Lower Austria). PLoS ONE. June 2019:1-41. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0216907.
    • APA:
      Heiss, A. G., Antolín, F., Berihuete Azorín, M., Biederer, B., Erlach, R., Gail, N., … Valamoti, S. M. (2019). The Hoard of the Rings. “Odd” annular bread-like objects as a case study for cereal-product diversity at the Late Bronze Age hillfort site of Stillfried (Lower Austria). PLoS ONE, 1–41. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0216907
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Heiss, Andreas G., Ferran Antolín, Marian Berihuete Azorín, Benedikt Biederer, Rudolf Erlach, Niki Gail, Monika Griebl, et al. 2019. “The Hoard of the Rings. ‘Odd’ Annular Bread-like Objects as a Case Study for Cereal-Product Diversity at the Late Bronze Age Hillfort Site of Stillfried (Lower Austria).” PLoS ONE, June, 1–41. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0216907.
    • Harvard:
      Heiss, A. G. et al. (2019) ‘The Hoard of the Rings. “Odd” annular bread-like objects as a case study for cereal-product diversity at the Late Bronze Age hillfort site of Stillfried (Lower Austria)’, PLoS ONE, pp. 1–41. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0216907.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Heiss, AG, Antolín, F, Berihuete Azorín, M, Biederer, B, Erlach, R, Gail, N, Griebl, M, Linke, R, Lochner, M, Marinova, E, Oberndorfer, D, Stika, H-P & Valamoti, SM 2019, ‘The Hoard of the Rings. “Odd” annular bread-like objects as a case study for cereal-product diversity at the Late Bronze Age hillfort site of Stillfried (Lower Austria)’, PLoS ONE, pp. 1–41, viewed 15 September 2019, .
    • MLA:
      Heiss, Andreas G., et al. “The Hoard of the Rings. ‘Odd’ Annular Bread-like Objects as a Case Study for Cereal-Product Diversity at the Late Bronze Age Hillfort Site of Stillfried (Lower Austria).” PLoS ONE, June 2019, pp. 1–41. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0216907.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Heiss, Andreas G., Ferran Antolín, Marian Berihuete Azorín, Benedikt Biederer, Rudolf Erlach, Niki Gail, Monika Griebl, et al. “The Hoard of the Rings. ‘Odd’ Annular Bread-like Objects as a Case Study for Cereal-Product Diversity at the Late Bronze Age Hillfort Site of Stillfried (Lower Austria).” PLoS ONE, June 5, 2019, 1–41. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0216907.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Heiss AG, Antolín F, Berihuete Azorín M, Biederer B, Erlach R, Gail N, et al. The Hoard of the Rings. “Odd” annular bread-like objects as a case study for cereal-product diversity at the Late Bronze Age hillfort site of Stillfried (Lower Austria). PLoS ONE [Internet]. 2019 Jun 5 [cited 2019 Sep 15];1–41. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=136815765&custid=s8280428