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Effects of instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization technique on strength, knee joint passive stiffness, and pain threshold in hamstring shortness.

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  • معلومة اضافية
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      Hamstring shortness
      muscle strength
      soft tissue mobilization
      stiffness
    • NAICS/Industry Codes:
      541910 Marketing Research and Public Opinion Polling
    • Abstract:
      BACKGROUND: Hamstring shortness is the most common musculoskeletal condition in sports athletes, which often contributes to hamstring strain injury. To effectively mitigate the hamstring shortness, contemporary HR, SCS, and IASTM soft tissue techniques have been used. The best practical evidence about the therapeutic effects and the biomechanical mechanisms underpinning these manual techniques remain unknown. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of HR, SCS, and IASTM techniques on improving hamstring and quadriceps muscle strength, related ratio, knee joint passive stiffness, and pain threshold. METHODS: Forty-five participants (21 males and 24 females) with hamstring shortness participated in this study. The participants were randomly assigned to each of the three soft tissue mobilization technique groups. A Biodex System Isokinetic Dynamometer was used to measure muscle strength and knee joint passive stiffness during knee extension and flexion. Pressure algometry was used to measure hamstring pain threshold. One-way ANOVA were used to determine the statistical significance of the hamstring and quadriceps strength, related ratios, knee joint passive stiffness, and pain threshold in each technique. The significance level was set at α = 0.05. RESULTS: The IASTM group showed greater improvement in the peak quadriceps strength (p = 0.000), the peak quadriceps and hamstring (Q:H) strength ratio (p = 0.004), passive knee stiffness (p = 0.000), and pain threshold (p = 0.017) than the HR or SCS groups. CONCLUSION: The present comparative study provided first clinical evidence that IASTM technique is a best soft tissue mobilization technique to improve the strength, associated strength ratio, knee joint passive stiffness, and pain threshold among individuals with hamstring shortness. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Journal of Back & Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation is the property of IOS Press and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • Author Affiliations:
      1HIP and MAL Laboratory, Department of Rehabilitation Science, Inje University, Gimhae, Korea
      2Institute of Sports Movement Artificial-Intelligence Technology, Department of Physical Therapy, Yonsei University, Wonju, Korea
    • ISSN:
      1053-8127
    • Accession Number:
      10.3233/BMR-170854
    • Accession Number:
      133390308
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      KIM, D.-H.; LEE, J. J.; Sung) Hyun You, Joshua. Effects of instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization technique on strength, knee joint passive stiffness, and pain threshold in hamstring shortness. Journal of Back & Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation, [s. l.], v. 31, n. 6, p. 1169–1176, 2018. DOI 10.3233/BMR-170854. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=133390308&custid=s8280428. Acesso em: 27 maio. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Kim D-H, Lee JJ, Sung) Hyun You, Joshua. Effects of instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization technique on strength, knee joint passive stiffness, and pain threshold in hamstring shortness. Journal of Back & Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation. 2018;31(6):1169-1176. doi:10.3233/BMR-170854.
    • APA:
      Kim, D.-H., Lee, J. J., & Sung) Hyun You, Joshua. (2018). Effects of instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization technique on strength, knee joint passive stiffness, and pain threshold in hamstring shortness. Journal of Back & Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation, 31(6), 1169–1176. https://doi.org/10.3233/BMR-170854
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Kim, Do-Hyun, Jae Jin Lee, and Sung) Hyun You, Joshua. 2018. “Effects of Instrument-Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization Technique on Strength, Knee Joint Passive Stiffness, and Pain Threshold in Hamstring Shortness.” Journal of Back & Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation 31 (6): 1169–76. doi:10.3233/BMR-170854.
    • Harvard:
      Kim, D.-H., Lee, J. J. and Sung) Hyun You, Joshua (2018) ‘Effects of instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization technique on strength, knee joint passive stiffness, and pain threshold in hamstring shortness’, Journal of Back & Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation, 31(6), pp. 1169–1176. doi: 10.3233/BMR-170854.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Kim, D-H, Lee, JJ & Sung) Hyun You, Joshua 2018, ‘Effects of instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization technique on strength, knee joint passive stiffness, and pain threshold in hamstring shortness’, Journal of Back & Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 1169–1176, viewed 27 May 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Kim, Do-Hyun, et al. “Effects of Instrument-Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization Technique on Strength, Knee Joint Passive Stiffness, and Pain Threshold in Hamstring Shortness.” Journal of Back & Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation, vol. 31, no. 6, Nov. 2018, pp. 1169–1176. EBSCOhost, doi:10.3233/BMR-170854.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Kim, Do-Hyun, Jae Jin Lee, and Sung) Hyun You, Joshua. “Effects of Instrument-Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization Technique on Strength, Knee Joint Passive Stiffness, and Pain Threshold in Hamstring Shortness.” Journal of Back & Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation 31, no. 6 (November 2018): 1169–76. doi:10.3233/BMR-170854.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Kim D-H, Lee JJ, Sung) Hyun You, Joshua. Effects of instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization technique on strength, knee joint passive stiffness, and pain threshold in hamstring shortness. Journal of Back & Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation [Internet]. 2018 Nov [cited 2020 May 27];31(6):1169–76. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=133390308&custid=s8280428