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Local patterns of diversity in California northern coastal scrub.

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  • معلومة اضافية
    • Subject Terms:
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      coastal
      diversity
      environmental gradient
      hotspot
      shrublands
      vegetation
    • Abstract:
      Abstract: Within global biodiversity hotspots such as the California Floristic Province, local patterns of diversity must be better understood to prioritize conservation for the greatest number of species. This study investigates patterns of vascular plant diversity in relation to coast–inland environmental gradients in the shrublands of Central California known as northern coastal scrub. We sampled coastal shrublands of the San Francisco Bay Area at coastal and inland locations, modeled fine‐scale climatic variables, and developed an index for local exposure to maritime salts. We compared diversity, composition, and structure of the coastal and inland plots using indirect gradient analysis and estimated species accumulation using rarefaction curves. Coastal plots were significantly higher in alpha, beta, and gamma diversity than inland plots. Plant diversity (effective species number) in coastal plots was 2.1 times greater than inland plots, and beta diversity was 1.9 times greater. Estimated richness by rarefaction was 2.05 times greater in coastal sites than inland sites. Salt deposition and water availability were the abiotic process most strongly correlated with increased maritime plant diversity and compositional differences. Stands of northern coastal scrub on the immediate coast with higher maritime influence exhibit markedly higher plant diversity than most interior stands, paralleling previous work in other vegetation types in this region. These studies suggest that the California coastline deserves special consideration for botanical conservation. Fine‐scale climatic models of cloud frequency, water availability, and the salt deposition index presented here can be used to define priority areas for plant conservation in California and other coastal regions worldwide. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Ecology & Evolution (20457758) is the property of Wiley-Blackwell and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • Author Affiliations:
      1Department of Biology, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, California
    • ISSN:
      2045-7758
    • Accession Number:
      10.1002/ece3.4104
    • Accession Number:
      131393931
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      WRUBEL, E.; PARKER, V. T. Local patterns of diversity in California northern coastal scrub. Ecology & Evolution (20457758), [s. l.], v. 8, n. 15, p. 7250–7260, 2018. DOI 10.1002/ece3.4104. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=131393931&custid=s8280428. Acesso em: 29 maio. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Wrubel E, Parker VT. Local patterns of diversity in California northern coastal scrub. Ecology & Evolution (20457758). 2018;8(15):7250-7260. doi:10.1002/ece3.4104.
    • APA:
      Wrubel, E., & Parker, V. T. (2018). Local patterns of diversity in California northern coastal scrub. Ecology & Evolution (20457758), 8(15), 7250–7260. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.4104
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Wrubel, Eric, and V. Thomas Parker. 2018. “Local Patterns of Diversity in California Northern Coastal Scrub.” Ecology & Evolution (20457758) 8 (15): 7250–60. doi:10.1002/ece3.4104.
    • Harvard:
      Wrubel, E. and Parker, V. T. (2018) ‘Local patterns of diversity in California northern coastal scrub’, Ecology & Evolution (20457758), 8(15), pp. 7250–7260. doi: 10.1002/ece3.4104.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Wrubel, E & Parker, VT 2018, ‘Local patterns of diversity in California northern coastal scrub’, Ecology & Evolution (20457758), vol. 8, no. 15, pp. 7250–7260, viewed 29 May 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Wrubel, Eric, and V.Thomas Parker. “Local Patterns of Diversity in California Northern Coastal Scrub.” Ecology & Evolution (20457758), vol. 8, no. 15, Aug. 2018, pp. 7250–7260. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1002/ece3.4104.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Wrubel, Eric, and V. Thomas Parker. “Local Patterns of Diversity in California Northern Coastal Scrub.” Ecology & Evolution (20457758) 8, no. 15 (August 2018): 7250–60. doi:10.1002/ece3.4104.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Wrubel E, Parker VT. Local patterns of diversity in California northern coastal scrub. Ecology & Evolution (20457758) [Internet]. 2018 Aug [cited 2020 May 29];8(15):7250–60. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=131393931&custid=s8280428