Item request has been placed! ×
Item request cannot be made. ×
loading  Processing Request

Effects of High Velocity Elastic Band versus Heavy Resistance Training on Hamstring Strength, Activation, and Sprint Running Performance.

Item request has been placed! ×
Item request cannot be made. ×
loading   Processing Request
  • معلومة اضافية
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      Hamstring muscles
      high velocity
      muscle strength
      resistance training
      running
      torque
    • NAICS/Industry Codes:
      541712 Research and Development in the Physical, Engineering, and Life Sciences (except Biotechnology)
      541910 Marketing Research and Public Opinion Polling
    • Abstract:
      Hamstring muscle injuries occur during high-speed activities, which suggests that muscular strength at high velocities may be more important than maximal strength. This study examined hamstring adaptations to training for maximal strength and for strength at high velocities. Physically active men (n = 25; age, 23.0 ± 3.2 years) were randomly divided into: (1) a resistance training (RT, n = 8) group, which performed high-load, low-velocity concentric-eccentric hamstring contractions; (2) a resistance training concentric (RTC; n = 9) group, which performed high-load, low-velocity concentric-only hamstring contractions; and (3) a high-velocity elastic band training (HVT, n = 8) group, which performed low-load, high-velocity concentric-eccentric hamstring contractions. Pre- and posttraining tests included hamstring strength on a hamstring-curl apparatus, concentric knee extension-flexion at 60°/s, 240°/s, and 450°/s, eccentric knee flexion at 60°/s and 240°/s, hamstring and quadriceps coactivation, knee flexion and extension frequency in the prone position, and 30-m sprint running speed from a stationary start and with a running start. Knee flexor torque increased significantly by 21.1% ± 8.1% in the RTC group and 16.2% ± 4.2% in the RT group (p < 0.05 for both groups). Hamstring coactivation decreased significantly in both groups. In the HVT group, knee flexion and extension frequency increased by 17.8% ± 8.2%, concentric peak torque of the knee flexors at 450°/s increased by 31.0% ± 12.0%, hamstring coactivation decreased, and running performance over 30 m improved (p < 0.05 for all parameters). These findings suggest that resistance training at high velocities is superior to traditional heavy resistance training for increasing knee flexor strength at high velocities, movement frequency, and sprint running performance. These findings also indicate that traditional training approaches are effective for increasing knee flexor strength and reducing knee extensor coactivation, but this outcome is limited to low and moderate speeds. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Journal of Sports Science & Medicine is the property of Hakan Gur, Journal of Sports Science & Medicine and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • Author Affiliations:
      1Institute of Sport Science and Innovations, Lithuanian Sports University, Kaunas, Lithuania
      2Institut Nacional d'Educació Física, Barselona, Spain
    • ISSN:
      1303-2968
    • Accession Number:
      124286458
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      JANUSEVICIUS, D. et al. Effects of High Velocity Elastic Band versus Heavy Resistance Training on Hamstring Strength, Activation, and Sprint Running Performance. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, [s. l.], v. 16, n. 2, p. 239–246, 2017. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=124286458&custid=s8280428. Acesso em: 27 maio. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Janusevicius D, Snieckus A, Skurvydas A, et al. Effects of High Velocity Elastic Band versus Heavy Resistance Training on Hamstring Strength, Activation, and Sprint Running Performance. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine. 2017;16(2):239-246. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=124286458&custid=s8280428. Accessed May 27, 2020.
    • APA:
      Janusevicius, D., Snieckus, A., Skurvydas, A., Silinskas, V., Trinkunas, E., Cadefau, J. A., & Kamandulis, S. (2017). Effects of High Velocity Elastic Band versus Heavy Resistance Training on Hamstring Strength, Activation, and Sprint Running Performance. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, 16(2), 239–246.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Janusevicius, Donatas, Audrius Snieckus, Albertas Skurvydas, Viktoras Silinskas, Eugenijus Trinkunas, Joan Aureli Cadefau, and Sigitas Kamandulis. 2017. “Effects of High Velocity Elastic Band versus Heavy Resistance Training on Hamstring Strength, Activation, and Sprint Running Performance.” Journal of Sports Science & Medicine 16 (2): 239–46. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=124286458&custid=s8280428.
    • Harvard:
      Janusevicius, D. et al. (2017) ‘Effects of High Velocity Elastic Band versus Heavy Resistance Training on Hamstring Strength, Activation, and Sprint Running Performance’, Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, 16(2), pp. 239–246. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=124286458&custid=s8280428 (Accessed: 27 May 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Janusevicius, D, Snieckus, A, Skurvydas, A, Silinskas, V, Trinkunas, E, Cadefau, JA & Kamandulis, S 2017, ‘Effects of High Velocity Elastic Band versus Heavy Resistance Training on Hamstring Strength, Activation, and Sprint Running Performance’, Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 239–246, viewed 27 May 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Janusevicius, Donatas, et al. “Effects of High Velocity Elastic Band versus Heavy Resistance Training on Hamstring Strength, Activation, and Sprint Running Performance.” Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, vol. 16, no. 2, June 2017, pp. 239–246. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=124286458&custid=s8280428.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Janusevicius, Donatas, Audrius Snieckus, Albertas Skurvydas, Viktoras Silinskas, Eugenijus Trinkunas, Joan Aureli Cadefau, and Sigitas Kamandulis. “Effects of High Velocity Elastic Band versus Heavy Resistance Training on Hamstring Strength, Activation, and Sprint Running Performance.” Journal of Sports Science & Medicine 16, no. 2 (June 2017): 239–46. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=124286458&custid=s8280428.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Janusevicius D, Snieckus A, Skurvydas A, Silinskas V, Trinkunas E, Cadefau JA, et al. Effects of High Velocity Elastic Band versus Heavy Resistance Training on Hamstring Strength, Activation, and Sprint Running Performance. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine [Internet]. 2017 Jun [cited 2020 May 27];16(2):239–46. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=124286458&custid=s8280428