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Sea anemones (Cnidaria: Actiniaria) of Singapore: redescriptions of Paracondylactis singaporensis (England, 1987) and P. hertwigi (Wassilieff, 1908).

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  • معلومة اضافية
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      Actiniidae
      Indo-Pacific
      Johor Straits
      Singapore Strait
      Taxonomy
    • NAICS/Industry Codes:
      712110 Museums
      712115 History and science museums
    • Abstract:
      The intertidal sea anemone Paracondylactis singaporensis (England, 1987) has been documented only from the Republic of Singapore. Relatively large and common, although infrequently sighted, individuals of P. singaporensis burrow in sand; we have found them on the north, south, and west coasts of Singapore and the Southern Islands. England created the genus Neocondylactis for the species, differentiating it from Paracondylactis on the basis of the former having an equal number of mesenteries proximally and distally, and the latter having more distally, which we found is not consistently so; therefore, the species fits within the genus Paracondylactis. Having found more than one species among the type material of Neocondylactis singaporensis in the Natural History Museum, London, we redescribe P. singaporensis, distinguishing it from species most like it in Singapore. We also redescribe P. hertwigi, one of the species represented among paratypes of N. singaporensis, specimens of which burrow in similar habitats and resemble those of P. singaporensis morphologically, including in cnida complement, distribution, and size. They consistently differ in colour, arrangement of their verrucae, and details of their mesenteries. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Raffles Bulletin of Zoology is the property of Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • Author Affiliations:
      1Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Kansas, 1200 Sunnyside Avenue, Lawrence, Kansas 66045 USA
      2Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum, National University of Singapore, 2 Conservatory Drive, Republic of Singapore 117377
    • ISSN:
      0217-2445
    • Accession Number:
      119620574
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      FAUTIN, D. G.; RIA TAN. Sea anemones (Cnidaria: Actiniaria) of Singapore: redescriptions of Paracondylactis singaporensis (England, 1987) and P. hertwigi (Wassilieff, 1908). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, [s. l.], p. 170–177, 2016. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=119620574&custid=s8280428. Acesso em: 11 ago. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Fautin DG, Ria Tan. Sea anemones (Cnidaria: Actiniaria) of Singapore: redescriptions of Paracondylactis singaporensis (England, 1987) and P. hertwigi (Wassilieff, 1908). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. June 2016:170-177. Accessed August 11, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=119620574&custid=s8280428
    • APA:
      Fautin, D. G., & Ria Tan. (2016). Sea anemones (Cnidaria: Actiniaria) of Singapore: redescriptions of Paracondylactis singaporensis (England, 1987) and P. hertwigi (Wassilieff, 1908). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 170–177.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Fautin, Daphne Gail, and Ria Tan. 2016. “Sea Anemones (Cnidaria: Actiniaria) of Singapore: Redescriptions of Paracondylactis Singaporensis (England, 1987) and P. Hertwigi (Wassilieff, 1908).” Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, June, 170–77. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=119620574&custid=s8280428.
    • Harvard:
      Fautin, D. G. and Ria Tan (2016) ‘Sea anemones (Cnidaria: Actiniaria) of Singapore: redescriptions of Paracondylactis singaporensis (England, 1987) and P. hertwigi (Wassilieff, 1908)’, Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, pp. 170–177. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=119620574&custid=s8280428 (Accessed: 11 August 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Fautin, DG & Ria Tan 2016, ‘Sea anemones (Cnidaria: Actiniaria) of Singapore: redescriptions of Paracondylactis singaporensis (England, 1987) and P. hertwigi (Wassilieff, 1908)’, Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, pp. 170–177, viewed 11 August 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Fautin, Daphne Gail, and Ria Tan. “Sea Anemones (Cnidaria: Actiniaria) of Singapore: Redescriptions of Paracondylactis Singaporensis (England, 1987) and P. Hertwigi (Wassilieff, 1908).” Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, June 2016, pp. 170–177. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=119620574&custid=s8280428.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Fautin, Daphne Gail, and Ria Tan. “Sea Anemones (Cnidaria: Actiniaria) of Singapore: Redescriptions of Paracondylactis Singaporensis (England, 1987) and P. Hertwigi (Wassilieff, 1908).” Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, June 29, 2016, 170–77. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=119620574&custid=s8280428.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Fautin DG, Ria Tan. Sea anemones (Cnidaria: Actiniaria) of Singapore: redescriptions of Paracondylactis singaporensis (England, 1987) and P. hertwigi (Wassilieff, 1908). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology [Internet]. 2016 Jun 29 [cited 2020 Aug 11];170–7. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=119620574&custid=s8280428