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Pyrosequencing Characterization of the Microbiota from Atlantic Intertidal Marine Sponges Reveals High Microbial Diversity and the Lack of Co-Occurrence Patterns.

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  • معلومة اضافية
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      Research Article
    • NAICS/Industry Codes:
      114113 Salt water fishing
      114114 Freshwater fishing
    • Abstract:
      Sponges are ancient metazoans that host diverse and complex microbial communities. Sponge-associated microbial diversity has been studied from wide oceans across the globe, particularly in subtidal regions, but the microbial communities from intertidal sponges have remained mostly unexplored. Here we used pyrosequencing to characterize the microbial communities in 12 different co-occurring intertidal marine sponge species sampled from the Atlantic coast, revealing a total of 686 operational taxonomic units (OTUs) at 97% sequence similarity. Taxonomic assignment of 16S ribosomal RNA tag sequences estimated altogether 26 microbial groups, represented by bacterial (75.5%) and archaeal (22%) domains. Proteobacteria (43.4%) and Crenarchaeota (20.6%) were the most dominant microbial groups detected in all the 12 marine sponge species and ambient seawater. The Crenarchaeota microbes detected in three Atlantic Ocean sponges had a close similarity with Crenarchaeota from geographically separated subtidal Red Sea sponges. Our study showed that most of the microbial communities observed in sponges (73%) were also found in the surrounding ambient seawater suggesting possible environmental acquisition and/or horizontal transfer of microbes. Beyond the microbial diversity and community structure assessments (NMDS, ADONIS, ANOSIM), we explored the interactions between the microbial communities coexisting in sponges using the checkerboard score (C-score). Analyses of the microbial association pattern (co-occurrence) among intertidal sympatric sponges revealed the random association of microbes, favoring the hypothesis that the sponge-inhabiting microbes are recruited from the habitat mostly by chance or influenced by environmental factors to benefit the hosts. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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    • Author Affiliations:
      1CIIMAR/CIMAR, Interdisciplinary Centre of Marine and Environmental Research, University of Porto, Rua dos Bragas 177, 4050–123, Porto, Portugal
      2Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Porto, Rua do Campo, Alegre, 4169–007, Porto, Portugal
    • ISSN:
      1932-6203
    • Accession Number:
      10.1371/journal.pone.0127455
    • Accession Number:
      102971073
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      ALEX, A.; ANTUNES, A. Pyrosequencing Characterization of the Microbiota from Atlantic Intertidal Marine Sponges Reveals High Microbial Diversity and the Lack of Co-Occurrence Patterns. PLoS ONE, [s. l.], v. 10, n. 5, p. 1–17, 2015. DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0127455. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=102971073&custid=s8280428. Acesso em: 4 abr. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Alex A, Antunes A. Pyrosequencing Characterization of the Microbiota from Atlantic Intertidal Marine Sponges Reveals High Microbial Diversity and the Lack of Co-Occurrence Patterns. PLoS ONE. 2015;10(5):1-17. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0127455.
    • APA:
      Alex, A., & Antunes, A. (2015). Pyrosequencing Characterization of the Microbiota from Atlantic Intertidal Marine Sponges Reveals High Microbial Diversity and the Lack of Co-Occurrence Patterns. PLoS ONE, 10(5), 1–17. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0127455
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Alex, Anoop, and Agostinho Antunes. 2015. “Pyrosequencing Characterization of the Microbiota from Atlantic Intertidal Marine Sponges Reveals High Microbial Diversity and the Lack of Co-Occurrence Patterns.” PLoS ONE 10 (5): 1–17. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0127455.
    • Harvard:
      Alex, A. and Antunes, A. (2015) ‘Pyrosequencing Characterization of the Microbiota from Atlantic Intertidal Marine Sponges Reveals High Microbial Diversity and the Lack of Co-Occurrence Patterns’, PLoS ONE, 10(5), pp. 1–17. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0127455.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Alex, A & Antunes, A 2015, ‘Pyrosequencing Characterization of the Microbiota from Atlantic Intertidal Marine Sponges Reveals High Microbial Diversity and the Lack of Co-Occurrence Patterns’, PLoS ONE, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 1–17, viewed 4 April 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Alex, Anoop, and Agostinho Antunes. “Pyrosequencing Characterization of the Microbiota from Atlantic Intertidal Marine Sponges Reveals High Microbial Diversity and the Lack of Co-Occurrence Patterns.” PLoS ONE, vol. 10, no. 5, May 2015, pp. 1–17. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0127455.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Alex, Anoop, and Agostinho Antunes. “Pyrosequencing Characterization of the Microbiota from Atlantic Intertidal Marine Sponges Reveals High Microbial Diversity and the Lack of Co-Occurrence Patterns.” PLoS ONE 10, no. 5 (May 2015): 1–17. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0127455.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Alex A, Antunes A. Pyrosequencing Characterization of the Microbiota from Atlantic Intertidal Marine Sponges Reveals High Microbial Diversity and the Lack of Co-Occurrence Patterns. PLoS ONE [Internet]. 2015 May [cited 2020 Apr 4];10(5):1–17. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=102971073&custid=s8280428